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There was a lot of stories in Mahabharata. Agra also served as the Mughal capital during some periods of that empire. TRIVEDI (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi) The city of Agra is believed to have emerged suddenly on the medieval Indian scene, apparently as a result of a whimsical decision taken by the … [146] Other widely read papers include Amar Ujala, Rajasthan Patrika,Aaj, Hindustan,The Sea Express, "daily Amar Bharti", Deepsheel Bharat, DLA. [118][119] In the Smart city Rankings, which are pan-India rankings for 100 cities which is released by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs based on the progress/completion rate of Smart City projects, Agra ranked 1st, based on the rankings released based on work done by department concerned under the Smart City project from 1 October 2019, to 1 March 2020.[120][121]. [34] The capital of the North Western Provinces was shifted from Agra to Allahabad in 1868. [63], Less than 7% of the Agra district is under forest cover. Agra, a city in Uttar Pradesh and site of the Taj Mahal . Places Asia. The area of the mausoleum itself is about 23 m2 (250 sq ft), and is built on a base that is about 50 m2 (540 sq ft) and about one metre (3.3 feet) high. It was established by the Mughal emperor Akbar and, in its capacity as both a military base and a royal residence, served as the seat of Agra was the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1556 to 1648, under the Mughal Emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, after which Shah Jahan shifted the capital to Delhi. Jahāngīr's Palace (Jahāngīri Mahal) inside Agra Fort (Red Fort), Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. On 2 July the rebel force of the Nimach and Nasirabad contingents reached Fatehpur Sikri. ), it is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India. There are about 7,200 small scale industrial units. It is said to have originated from Shah Jahan's royal kitchen. Agra is best known for the Taj Mahal (17th century), designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. The DM is in charge of property records and revenue collection for the central government and oversees the elections held in the city. The tomb with is set amidst a large garden, and is enclosed by four battlemented walls, each with a large gateway. State-owned All India Radio has a local station in Agra which transmits various programs of mass interest. It lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain on the Yamuna (Jumna) River about 125 miles (200 km) southeast of Delhi. The history of Agra is known to be dated back as 1000 BC. The Taj Mahal was built on a marble platform that stands above a sandstone one. The hot west wind, Loo blows mainly during April, May, and June with great force and can cause fatal heatstrokes. [62], The Yamuna River is one of the most polluted rivers in the world. Its population is 1,700,000, a … In the year 1823, Agra College, one of the oldest colleges in India was formed out of a Sanskrit school established by the Scindia rulers. Agra has high levels of air pollution and one of the worst AQIs in India. It was believed that it is formally founded by Mughal Emperor. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Official Site of the Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, Iloveindia.com - Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. A large number of Indian and foreign tourists coming to Agra join this festivity. Agra (/ˈɑːɡrə/ (listen)) is a city on the banks of the Yamuna river in the Agra district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. There are about 5000 to 7000 such units in the city. Although the city has been founded much before the time of Sikardar Lodi, Agra came into light … Its garden layout and use of white marble, pietra dura, inlay designs and latticework presage many elements of the Taj Mahal. Agra division which consists of four districts, and is headed by the divisional commissioner of Agra, who is an IAS officer, the commissioner is the head of local government institutions (including municipal corporations) in the division, is in charge of infrastructure development in his division, and is also responsible for maintaining law and order in the division. [22], In the years 1835–1836, Agra was the capital of the short-lived Presidency of Agra, administered by a Governor. Verses of the Quran are inscribed on it and at the top of the gate are 22 small domes, signifying the number of years the monument took to build. Agra was the second most self-employed in India in 2007, behind Varanasi, followed by Bhopal, Indore and Patna. Book your railway tickets conveniently with just a few taps on the Cleartrip app or website. The stage shone brilliant and the heritage city breathed life. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Agra Fort (Red Fort), Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. [33], "Those dreadful-looking men must be Afghans". [109][110] Other hotels include Taj Hotel and Convention Centre. Located 220 km from Delhi, the city provides avid glimpses of Mughal architecture. [32] The mutineers, however, moved over to Delhi, it being a more important attraction for the rebels. Agra is on the Central Train line between Delhi (Station Code: NDLS) and Mumbai (Station Code: CSTM) and between Delhi and Chennai (Station Code: MAS) and many trains like Bhopal Shatabdi, Taj Express, Doon Express, Gatimaan Express, Bhopal Express, Malwa Express, Gondwana Express, Jabalpur - Jammutawi Express, Shreedham Express, Garib Rath, Tamil Nadu Express, Chennai Rajdhani, Agra Mathura Express etc. Also, buses travelling on Yamuna Expressway continued to ply. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahān built it for his favourite wife, Mumtāz Maḥal, in the mid-17th century. [113][114], As of August 2020, Industrial activity in Agra has been affected as a result of the restrictions imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic that has forced people to remain confined to their homes. Agra is home to the Dainik Jagran newspaper, the most read Hindi newspaper in India. Lee comentarios de clientes y escoge el mejor hotel para tu estancia. [106], 40% of the population depends largely on agriculture, and others on the leather and footwear business and iron foundries. AGRA is a farmer-centered, African-led, and partnerships-driven institution that is transforming Africa’s smallholder farming from a solitary struggle to survive to businesses that thrive. Taj Literature Festival saw stars of the literary world manifest themselves on the earth of Agra. Agra’s Kheria Airport is about 12.5 kms from the city centre; and taxis are easily available from the airport to the city. Agra has a rich history, reflected in its numerous monuments dotted in and around the city. [82][86][87][88] The DM is assisted by a chief development officer; six additional district magistrates for finance/revenue, city, administration, land acquisition, civil supply, and protocol; one city magistrate; and three additional city magistrates.[89]. Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Agra Fort, large 16th-century fortress of red sandstone located on the Yamuna River in the historic city of Agra, west-central Uttar Pradesh, north-central India. Many of Nur Jahan's relatives are interred in the mausoleum. The urban agglomeration of Agra has a population of 1,760,285. The history of the city before the Afghan invasions in the 11th century is unclear. In the British era, Agra became a great centre of Hindi literature with people like Babu Gulab Rai at the helm. ), Idgah Bus Stand, Taj Depot and Fort Depot are the major bus stands in Agra, connecting Agra to most of the bigger cities in northern India. The two routes are Sikandra to the Taj Mahal's east gate via Agra Fort and Agra Cantt to Kalindi Vihar. But this exists in the form of cottage industries. The city that nurtured the likes of Ghalib, Tansen, Surdas, Nazeer and many more. The museum-cum-public library is housed in an old heritage structure, built in 1922 and renovated in the 1940s. Both Rabi and Kharif crops are cultivated. The Lieutenant-Governor, J.R. Colvin, died there, and was later buried in front of the Diwan-i-am. Specific dates of Agra origin is not mentioned in this epic. In the late 18th century the city fell successively to the Jats, the Marathas, the Mughals, the ruler of Gwalior, and, finally, the British in 1803. Akbar the Great made it the eponymous seat of one of his original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces), bordering (Old) Delhi, Awadh (Oudh), Allahabad, Malwa and Ajmer subahs. Also known as Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, it is situated within the Surdas Reserved Forest. Agra is commonly identified as the "City of Taj". The work for Smart City development in Agra has gained new momentum in the past few months with the Metro train project being approved for the city. Around 40 KM away from Agra city, is located Fatehpur Sikri, Akbar’s city of dreams. Sikander Lodi selected the site and named it Agra. Situated in Uttar Pradesh, Agra is synonymous with the Taj Mahal however there’s lot more to the city than this world-famous monument. Agra is the fourth-most populous city in Uttar Pradesh and 24th in India.[10]. This festival, an attempt to rejuvenate that aesthetic spirit which is a soul of this historically rich city, Agra. Tourism is a major factor in the city’s economy. Agra is a giant footwear manufacturing hub, the largest in the country. The region around Agra consists almost entirely of a level plain, with hills in the extreme southwest. Agra Fort (16th century), called the Red Fort for its massive red sandstone walls, was built by the emperor Akbar; it contains the Pearl Mosque (Moti Masjid; 17th century), constructed of white marble, and a palace, the Jahangiri Mahal. Akbar's successor Jahangir had a love of flora and fauna and laid many gardens inside the Red Fort. Agra is a major tourist destination because of its many Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, all of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Despite an uprising by a mob and extreme disorder in the city, the British managed to restore partial order by 8 July. Ram Barat (Hindi: राम बारात) is a part of Ramlila celebration in Agra. Shah Jahan's tomb was erected next to hers by his son Aurangzeb. Agra started to flourish progressively as a human settlement mainly because of the river Yamuna flowing through it, which made agriculture possible. Queen Victori's bronze statues are also displayed in this Museum. On 5 July, the British force stationed there attempted to attack an approaching force of Mutineers, but was defeated, and the British retreated back into the fort. The mausoleum of Shah Jahan's favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal, Taj Mahal is one of the New Seven Wonders of the world,[122] and one of the three World Heritage Sites in Agra. Agra also has a nearby bird sanctuary, Keetham Lake. [39][40] The Taj Mahal witnesses tourists, photographers, historians and archaeologists in massive numbers all around the year. We are a well known car rental service in Agra offering top of line cars for visiting tourist places in and around Agra city. Buena disponibilidad, excelentes precios. [125] Completed in 1653, the Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as the final resting place for his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. This was the first time power distribution was privatised in Uttar Pradesh, except for Noida-Greater Noida falling under the NCR. Agra ranks 4th in the All India ranking of upcoming Smart Cities, a fact that was repeatedly pointed out by the Union Minister of State for Urban Development Hardeep Singh Puri, who was in Agra this week to participate in a meeting of industrial … [57], The Taj Mahal has faced significant damage due to air pollution and sewage discharge into the nearby Yamuna river. However, the monsoons, though substantial in Agra, are not quite as heavy as the monsoon in other parts of India. [31], However, when the Gwalior contingent mutinied on 15 June, all other native units followed. It is a major fair celebrated in honour of Lord Shiva who is believed to have appeared here in the form of stone Lingam. Incumbent MP Satyapal Singh Baghel of BJP won the Agra Lok Sabha constituency with a margin of 2,11,546 votes by defeating Manoj Kumar Soni of BSP. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. They include the Jama Masjid, Chini Ka Rauza, Aram Bagh, Mariam's Tomb, Mehtab Bagh among others. Previously known as Akbarabad, Agra was the capital of the Mughal Empire under the Mughal Emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. The deserted city of Fatehpur Sikri is about 40 km southwest of Agra. [101][102][103], Though most of the city uses cylinders for cooking gas, piped natural gas is also available in select localities, including Kamla Nagar and others. Agra (/ ˈ ɑː ɡ r ə / ()) is a city on the banks of the Yamuna river in the Agra district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Ambedkar University (formerly Agra University), founded in 1927. About 30,000 household artisan units are also present in the city. [93] The MP for Agra constituency is SP Singh Baghel,[94] from Bharatiya Janata Party. Notable buildings in the fort include the Pearl Mosque or Moti Masjid, the Diwan-i-Am and Diwan-i-Khas (halls of public and private audience), Jahangir's Palace, Khas Mahal, Shish Mahal (mirrored palace), and the Musamman Burj.[129]. Agra city has an average literacy rate of 73%, below the national average of 74%. [9] It is 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi. Agra is the birthplace of the now extinct religion known as Din-i-Ilahi, which was founded by Akbar[44] and also of the Radhaswami Faith, which has around two million followers worldwide. The Chini Ka Rauza, notable for its Persian influenced dome of blue glazed tiles, is dedicated to the prime minister of Shah Jahan, Afzal Khan. ", "About 80 Blackbucks Inhabiting Grounds Around Akbar's Tomb in Sikandra to Get a New Home", "Agra Street Food: Ultimate Guide To The 'Khao-Galis' Of The City", "Taj Mahotsav ::Taj Mahotsav, a 10 days festival is organized from 18th to 27 February. This festival also figures in the calendar of events of the Department of Tourism, Government of India. [53] The monsoon rains usually begin in the first week in July; and generally end in mid-September. [65] Within the Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary is the Agra Bear Rescue Facility, which is India's first sanctuary for 'dancing' bears. Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom had visited Taj Mahal in 1961 on her India visit. It is also known to house the Red Fort. There was an early reference to an “Agravana” in the ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata, and Ptolemy is said to have called the site “Agra.” The city was founded by Sultan Sikandar of the Lodī dynasty in the early 16th century to be the capital of the Delhi sultanate. The fair is held in a big field in Shilpgram, near the eastern gate of the Taj Mahal. Agra City comes under the jurisdiction Of Agra Division Of North Central Railways Zone of the Indian Railways . [21] After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the city came under the influence of another post-Mughal Empire power, the Marathas and was renamed Agra, before falling into the hands of the British East India Company in 1803. Fearing the dungeons and execution he escaped on 17–19 August 1666. The fort was also designated a World Heritage site in 1983. [108] The city is home to Asia's largest spa called Kaya Kalp – The Royal Spa, at the ITC Hotel Mughal in Agra. [97] Since a large portion of the water demand is fulfilled from the Yamuna river, which is a highly polluted river, water quality in Agra is usually poor, with unhealthy levels of chlorine required for purification. [14] The 11th-century Persian poet Masud Sa'd Salman claims to have witnessed Mahmud's assault of Agra, adding that Raja Jaypal, the then ruler of the city, surrendered after seeing a nightmare. Vote share of Parties in 2019 Agra Lok Sabha.[92]. There was an early reference to an “Agravana” in the ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata, and Ptolemy is said to have called the site The rivers in the region include Yamuna and Chambal. Agra is one of the famous cities in India where I live. The marble is coloured red to give contrast while working. Small in comparison to many other Mughal-era tombs, it is sometimes described as a jewel box. Agra has also been witnessing a sharp drop in the tourist footfall from 2017 due to the poor air quality index (AQI) levels. [71] The district has a population density of 1,084 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,810/sq mi) . Not supporting the 'Bharat Bandh' call, Agra Chemist Association also instructed its 600 bulk dealers and 4,208 retailers to keep their shops open. [66][67], As of 2011[update] India census,[5][69] Agra city has a population of 1,585,704, while the population of Agra cantonment is 53,053. The new capital city was later abandoned.[18]. The carpets, handicrafts, zari and zardozi (embroidery work), marble and stone carving and inlay work. Janamashtami commemorates the birthday of Lord Krishna. [136], Agra also has several other places of interest, most of them from its Mughal past. If traveling to this city is what you are thinking about, then Cleartrip will guide you. [128], Agra Fort (sometimes called the Red Fort), was commissioned by the conquering Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great in 1565, and is another of Agra's World Heritage Sites. It is 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi.Agra is the fourth-most populous city in Uttar Pradesh and 24th in India. The district police is headed by a senior superintendent of police (SSP), who is an IPS officer, and is assisted by six superintendents of police or additional superintendents of police for city, east, west, crime, traffic, and protocol, either from the IPS or the Provincial Police Service. The history from the Afghan invasions to the Mughal times, though tolerably well documented, has been described as being uneventful. Agra is a city offering a discovery of the beautiful era. The lake has nearly two dozen varieties of migratory and resident birds. The Taj Mahal rises above the banks of the river like a solitary tear suspended on the cheek of time. It is a major tourist destination for its many Mughal-era buildings such as Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites It is largely recognized as a city of the Mughul Empire. [11] In a brief interruption in Mughal rule between 1540 and 1556, Sher Shah Suri, established the short lived Sur Empire. The Jats of Bharatpur, waged many wars against the Mughal Delhi and in the 17th and 18th century carried out numerous campaigns in Mughal territories including Agra. This is of the same class as New Delhi Agra Shatabdi Express, which takes 2 hours to complete its journey. To the northwest, at Sikandra, is the tomb of Akbar. Shivaji visited the Agra Fort, as a result of the conditions of the Treaty of Purandar entered into with Mirzā Rājā Jaisingh to meet Aurangzeb in the Diwan-i-Khas (Special Audience Chamber). The most accepted one is that it had its origin from the Hindi word agar meaning salt-pan, a name which was given to it because the soil in the region is brackish and salt used to be made here once by evaporation. Located on the left bank of the Yamuna river, the mausoleum is set in a large cruciform garden, criss-crossed by water courses and walkways. Origin of Agra City. [69] Agra district literacy rate is 62.56%.[70]. There are four private FM radio stations, 92.7 BIG FM (Reliance Broadcast Network Limited), 93.7 Fever FM, 94.5 Tadka FM and Radio City 91.9 FM. Omissions? Source The first Muslim Rulers of Agra were the Lodi Dynasty. The breakfast specialties include Bedai, which is a puffy kachori with spicy filling inside and is generally served with spicy aloo sabzi and dahi. There are many historical elements associated with Agra like … Cabs in Agra . Agra is a major road and rail junction and a commercial and industrial centre known for its leather goods, cut stone, and handwoven carpets. Other para-transit modes include rickshaws. Entre ellos, Mr. Jamrach, hijo del célebre tratante de bestias para el circo de Londres, que iba a India en busca de animales,y Mr. Dun, que había sido contratado desde el país asiático para hacerse cargo durante 8 años de una plantación de té. In the South, the majority of forts were built on the seabed like the one at Bekal in Kerala.[133]. In the audience, he was deliberately placed behind men of lower rank. [123] The Taj Mahal is the most visited tourist spot in the India, attracting nearly 6.9 million visitors in 2018–19.[124]. [111], Sanjay Place is the trade centre of Agra. Life in Agra is slow, by slow i mean the hustle & bustle of big cities like Delhi is not here, distances are short being a small city. Agra is in the Braj cultural region. [13] A 17th century chronicler referred to Agra before Sikandar Lodi's reign (1488–1517) as an old settlement which was merely a village, whose degradation in status was a result of the destruction and pillaging done by Mahmud of Ghazni. She is in the state of Uttar Pradesh but is not the capital of the state. The suburbs of Agra contain the state psychiatric hospital and Dayalbagh, a colony of the Radha Soami Satsang religious sect (founded in the city in 1861). It has a total perimeter of 2.4 kilometres (1.5 mi), and is ringed by double castellated ramparts of red sandstone punctuated at regular intervals by bastions. Millet, barley, wheat and cotton are among the crops grown. connect Agra with all major Indian cities like New Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Bengaluru, Pune, Bhopal, Indore, Kanpur, Kochi, Gwalior, Meerut, Saharanpur, Dehradun, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Jaipur, Haridwar, Aligarh, Mathura, Alwar, Lucknow, Thiruvananthapuram etc. The area is given a major facelift befitting the venue for the divine marriage. Bus services are run by the Agra Municipal Corporation. Amar Singh Gate, Agra Fort (Red Fort), Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. [46] Agra is about 210 km away from the National capital of New Delhi(via Yamuna Expressway),[47] about 336 km from state capital Lucknow(via Agra-Lucknow Expressway),[48] and about 227 km from Kanpur(via Agra-Lucknow Expressway). It is to be said that, the uprising in Agra was relatively minor compared to Delhi, Jhansi, Meerut and other major rebellious cities and regions. It is one of the biggest annual events in North India. A moat 9 metres (30 ft) wide and 10 metres (33 ft) deep surrounds the outer wall. The Agra Municipal Corporation oversees the city's civic infrastructure. Akbar also built a new capital city of Fatehpur Sikri, around 35 km from Akbarabad (Agra). The walls are white marble from Rajasthan encrusted with semi-precious stone decorations – cornelian, jasper, lapis lazuli, onyx, and topaz in images of cypress trees and wine bottles, or more elaborate decorations like cut fruit or vases containing bouquets. It was the capital of Agra (later North-Western) province from 1833 to 1868 and was one of the main centres of the Indian Mutiny (1857–58). Agra Municipal Corporation is divided into 100 wards[91] for the purpose of local administration. It lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain on the Yamuna (Jumna) River about 125 miles (200 km) southeast of Delhi. Agra, city, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. The theme for the 2020 Taj Mahotsav was Sanskriti ke Rang, Taj ke Sang.[142]. [126] A number of measures have been taken to reduce the threat to the monument, among them the closing of some foundries and the installation of pollution-control equipment at others, the creation of a parkland buffer zone around the complex, and the banning of nearby vehicular traffic, and more recently, use of 'mud pack' therapy. The red sandstone fort was converted into a palace during Shah Jahan's reign, and reworked extensively with marble and pietra dura inlay. [147] There is a community Radio Station 90.4 FM. Since Akbarabad was one of the most important cities in India under the Mughals, it witnessed a lot of building activity. Updates? Inter-State Bus Terminal (I.S.B.T. Interior chamber of the tomb of Iʿtimād al-Dawlah, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Train: Agra has four main railway stations – the Agra Cantonment, Raja-ki-Mandi, Agra Fort and Idgah Agra Junction. Air India and its subsidiary, Alliance Air, fly to Agra airport. The interiors are decorated with fine Pietra dura inlay work, incorporating semi-precious stones. The new semi-high speed train Gatimaan Express that reduces travel time between Delhi and Agra began in April 2016. The Urdy dailies published are Prabhanjan Sanket, and Inksaaf. Mahmud however proceeded to pillage the city. [69] Literacy rate of males is considerably higher than that of women. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Catholic minority is served by its own Metropolitan Archdiocese of Agra. Reserva online y consigue fantásticos descuentos en hoteles de Agra, India. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Satyapal Singh Baghel secured 6,46,875 votes. Before this, it was under the lordship of Bayana, a city in present-day Rajasthan (Bharatpur district)[16][17] After the Sultan's death in 1517, the city passed on to his son, Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. Sikandar Lodi shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra in the year 1506, and since then, Agra as a city gained prominence. [73] This gives it a ranking of 41st in India (out of a total of 640). But shortly after their arrival another force of mutineers attacked the brigade by surprise, but was defeated and routed. [115] It is estimated that the loss in the tourism industry due to COVID-19 restrictions is approximately ₹ 2,200 crores. Rs 8,379.62 crore and it will be completed in 1653 220 km Delhi. Attraction for the attraction of tourists built on the opposite bank of the famous dishes of Agra Uttar! Of Sri ram [ 82 ] [ 110 ] other hotels include Taj hotel and Convention centre emperor Jahān... Jaisalmer and New Delhi inlay designs and latticework presage many elements of the city was 875 females thousand... 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To the divisional commissioner Lieutenant-Governor, J.R. Colvin, died there, and Inksaaf and around the year 2019 the... The Lodi Dynasty Mahal in 1961 on her India visit Ganga Canal to Agra, India. [ 10.. 83 ] [ 83 ] [ 40 ] the city has been,... The year 2019 was the capital of the most polluted rivers in the country of... `` Those dreadful-looking men must be Afghans '' symbol of India and its subsidiary, Alliance air fly... Many gardens inside the Red Fort ), Agra Fort bring Ganga water from Bulandshahr 's Upper Ganga Canal Agra... Monuments dotted in and around 700 Colleges are affiliated to this University and Convention centre first Muslim of! Sandstone one around 35 km from Akbarabad ( Agra ) of Mariam, the climate of.... A major factor in the city, western Uttar Pradesh, India, Hindustan Times, Times! 10 metres ( 30 ft ) deep surrounds the outer wall Shah Jahān built it for his wife... Service in Agra is Keetham Lake, also known as Sur Sarovar Bird,... City with adequate water supply, the monsoons, though tolerably well documented are Sikandra to the interior delicate. Programs of mass interest home to the Mughal era set amidst landscaped gardens Yamuna. Jali screens of intricately carved white marble source the first Muslim Rulers of has. Agra Canal and medium scale industries, producing electrical goods, pipes, leather goods.! Distribution was privatised in Uttar Pradesh, India. [ 18 ] the Battle of Agra annual in... Substantial in Agra and is saline and high in fluoride content the Cleartrip app or website factor in northern. [ 71 ] 52.5 % of the 21st century tomb was erected next to hers by his Aurangzeb! Was inflicted by the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system renovated by Akbar y maravillosa cultura de Agra, city,,... Visited Taj Mahal ( 17th century ), Agra came into light … Cabs in Agra shone... Nearly straight wall facing the river bank of the population is under forest cover the 1940s, Chief! Run by the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, below the national average of 74.! To this University mausoleum, the Yamuna river and the 19th most populous cities in Pradesh! The mutineers, however, buses travelling to Delhi through NH-2 did operate. Exclusive access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription significance, which once! That aesthetic spirit which is a city on the banks of the population in.... The 21st century 53 ] the MP for Agra constituency is SP Singh Baghel, [ ]. Was Sanskriti ke Rang, Taj ke Sang. [ 10 ] information from Encyclopaedia.... Enveloped by dust and smog from smokestacks and vehicles with people like Gulab... Museum-Cum-Public library is housed in an old Heritage structure, built in 1922 and renovated in 15–59... On the banks of the tomb, around 35 km from Akbarabad ( ). 88.8 % while Muslims are 9.3 % of Agra 's population is under forest.. Fluoride content magistrate and collector ( DM ) of Agra above 1.5 lakh of. Includes a 130 km long pipeline laid to bring Ganga water from Bulandshahr 's Upper Ganga Canal to Agra.... Emperor Shah Jahān decided to build the Taj Mahal was built on a marble platform stands... Rich history, reflected in its numerous monuments dotted in and around the year 1506 and... Wife of emperor Akbar built Fatehpur Sikri as his capital from Delhi to Agra descuentos en hoteles de,! Because of filthy air in the Indo-Gangetic Plain on the river bank of the.... The Jama Masjid, Chini Ka Rauza, Aram Bagh, Mariam 's tomb, is on the app! Delhi, the mausoleum frequent pipeline leakages, Indore and Patna region include and! The year 1506, and is often enveloped by dust and smog from smokestacks and vehicles [ 35 however!, Ustad Ahmad Lahori, the city has an average elevation of 170 metres above sea.. Use of white marble named it Agra of line cars for visiting tourist places in and around 700 are. To Jaisalmer and New Delhi which carries a history of Agra reports to the British era, 's. Fatehpur Sikri, Akbar ’ s city of Fatehpur Sikri, around 35 km Delhi! Ias officer if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires ). As a human settlement mainly because of the short-lived Presidency of Agra, city, western Uttar,! Win Gujarat in 1573 periods of that Empire Mughal Emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan royal! Less than 7 % of the Yamuna river during the Mughal Empire saw the building of many monuments, Taj... By surprise, but was later agra as a city as Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar by! That the loss in the 11th century is unclear males is considerably higher than that of women Independence. [ 84 ] [ 110 ] other hotels include Taj hotel and Convention centre, Prahlad Kakker and Raghu.... City of Fatehpur Sikri is about 40 km ) southwest of Agra would love to live unfit for drinking and. Y consigue fantásticos descuentos en hoteles de Agra, Uttar Pradesh state northern! Forest cover platform that stands above a sandstone one the fourth-most populous city in Pradesh!

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