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The Iliad tells the story of the Greek struggle to rescue Helen, a Greek queen, from her Trojan captors. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Maintain your own list of names that repeat themselves and seem important ... Continue to the Odyssey Study Guide. The Odyssey takes place after the Trojan War and follows the character Odysseus as he attempts to travel home. The Iliad reads very differently from the Odyssey, the latter is a much easier time and is considerably more accessible for less able readers. You can tell The Iliad is … The Odyssey takes the fall of the city of Troy as its starting point and crafts a new epic around the struggle of one of those Greek warriors, the hero Odysseus. For this activity, you will write an essay that explores the Greek gods' role in both The Iliad and The Odyssey. What are the challenges that Odysseus had to face on his journey home? Include several examples on either side. Summary. The Iliad describes the events of the Trojan War, namely a few weeks of the last year of the war. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. So, as revenge Menelaus got the leaders of Greece to fight the Trojan. Odysseus learns that his wife thinks he's dead and that his house is full of suitors trying to claim her hand. 's' : ''}}. Homer's The Iliad starts after the Achaians have been at war with the Trojans for nine years, trying to retrieve Helen of Troy, the wife of Menelaos who was kidnapped by Paris. With that said, here are a few points of summary. When he finally gets back, he realizes that there are many suitors that have taken over his home. succeed. As with the Iliad, the poem is divided into 24 books. The oldest epic poems, and therefore the oldest pieces of Western literature, are the Iliad and the Odyssey, attributed to the Greek poet Homer. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Achilles rejoins the war, not for Menelaus but out of grief for his friend, and with armor from the gods, he kills Hector. After you have finished this lesson, you should be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Although originally he fought for Menelaus, the brother of Agamemnon, Achilles is offended by the king and leaves, asking Zeus to bring the battle to a tipping point so that Menelaus will realize just how much he needs Achilles. The story follows the Greek army as they lay siege to Troy for ten long years and raises thematic questions as to the value of honor and glory and the role of warfare in human society. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Epics are the oldest form of literature in the Western world, probably evolving from an oral tradition of storytelling. Iliad vs Odyssey . Homer opens The Odyssey with an invocation to the Muse of epic poetry and asks for her guidance in telling the story of a man who has experienced many twists and turns of fate and has suffered many hardships. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. What do lines 35 and 36 of book 7 of the Odyssey imply about the Phaeacians' acceptance of Odysseus? Visit the Humanities 101: Intro to the Humanities page to learn more. Some have described the Odyssey as the sequel of the Iliad, but it's more of a spin-off, like when a character from a popular sitcom gets his own show. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. It follows the Greek hero Odysseus, king of Ithaca, and his journey home after the Trojan War. One way to do this is to create a T-chart with The Iliad written on one side and The Odyssey written on the other. First, Chryses, a priest, asked King Agamemnon to release his daughter but the king refused. In The Iliad, what does Achilles ask his mother Thetis to do? Here are the two stories, in a nutshell: The Iliad is the story of the Trojan War. The Greeks used both the Iliad and the Odyssey as a Bible and even as a history book. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. All rights reserved. These stories describe events of the Greek Bronze Age, during which many foundations of Greek culture were first established. The narrative begins nine years after the start of the war, as the Achaeans sack a Trojan-allied town and capture two beautiful maidens, Chryseis and Briseis. When Agamemnon treats him roughly and refuses the ransom, Apollo is angered and brings plague on the Achaeans. Follow this link for a detailed summary of the Iliad (includes a capsule summary, and a summary of which sides the gods take in the Iliad) Introductory. 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